Questions for Brandt and Alexander

  1. Alexander’s findings relate to Gee’s social goods buy her finding that kids that have better literacy have more success with other students and therefore makes themselves look more smart. Brandt talks about how people have what are called “sponsors” which are people that have influenced writers in their history. These sponsors can be an important role in authors writing because of how these people influenced and shaped their lives.
  2. Alexander might call both Raymond Branch and Dora Lopez a success story but I think she would be more inclined to call Dora’s story a success rather than Raymond’s. Alexander talks about how struggle in early life make success and Raymond didn’t have very much unsuccessful events in his early life unlike Dora did. Dora grew up with the hardships or living far away from technology and a city and also had to deal with growing up in a town that had very little Mexican population. Dora was also a female minority so that didn’t help her case.
  3. Brandt’s example of a sponsor could be connected to my own literacy narrative. For my literacy narrative, my sponsor was partially my second grade teacher in how she introduced my to free writing. This sponsor does go along with Brandt because my teacher helped shape my experience with writing that lasted into the future.

Summarizing Alexander

In Alexander’s, she was trying to find out why kids with the less dominate discourse of literature almost all of the time write their little narratives to be an success story. It is found out that kids usually write better with success stories to try to look better to their peers. It is also said that they write better because its what they think their teachers want.

Questions for reading Alexander

  1. Alexander refers to “ a literacy success story as one that thinks the more literate it is, the more success a person will get off of it. Sampling many literacy narratives from students, I do notice a lot of people do try to make themselves sound more professional and well put together.
  2. “…is an overarching story people tell themselves about their experiences in relation to the culture, literature, or history of society (31)”. A “master narrative” is bad because it gives us a false-sense of what a person is like. One can write a story about an experience they went through and put in more dramatics to boost one’s self image.
  3. Alexander talks about little narratives and says how they can make people aware of other communities of people and how they narrate their stories. She gives two examples of little narratives. The first example so mentions is college essays. People from all over the world and different communities write about their stories on college essays. Another example she gives is different study methods. She explains this as seeing which cultural narrative students were more likely to read stories other write
  4. Alexander posses the question that could people from different social classes invoke little narratives. From questions students in my English classed asked related to Alexander’s questions. We came up with questions such as “do some writers have better literature because they went to a better school?” or “do some people write better because their parents are more educated?”
  1. What made the author choose the tags? 
  2. What made the author go to one specific memory in their life?
  3. Did the authors that wrote about a memory in the past have a hard time remembering the situation?
  4. How did the author remember details from the past?
  5. Did the authors situation really have a big part in their life?
  6. What made the author chose their particular story against multiple ideas?
  7. How did they chose their title?
  8. Was it hard to think of a literacy moment?
  9. How did they pick the picture they chose for their story?
  10. Did they add dramatics to make their moment more exciting?

Framing Statement

When writing my literacy narrative, I though back and tried to pin point a moment in my early childhood where I specifically remember when I learned to write. I had thought back to a moment in second grade where I learned to love free writing. I had a little bit of difficulty remembering every detail because it was many years ago. As I started writing my literacy narrative I started remembering small details from second grade. When reading the other narratives, I picked the ones on the main page. I mostly looked at the title and tried to find the ones that were different from my own. It was interesting to read other peoples experience’s that weren’t like my own. It was cool to contrast my own experiences to someone else’s life. I also looked to read story from people I knew or were familiar with. It was interesting to read about a part of their life that they don’t usually share.

What can we learn from a literacy narrative?

A literacy narrative teaches us a lot about a person. The big idea of a literacy narrative is a perspective of another persons thought’s and ideas. Having written my own literacy narrative about the time in second grade when I learned to read and how that time changed my perspective on writing. Reading my peers literacy narratives about a time in their life where writing had become important, I can understand their feelings and get an idea about what they think. Reading others literacy narrative’s, you can get a sense of an important event that really changed their life for the better, or for worse.

 

 

 

Reflecting on literacy

Coming into this semester as a freshman, I was extremely nervous as to how I would do in my first semester and first year of college. I felt as if I would keep my old habits from high school and in return, do badly in my classes. College is a big step up from college. In high school, you have a lot of work but in college, you have just as much work but you have a shorter amount of time to finish it. Finishing my first semester of college, I learned that I have grown as a learner and as a writer.

In the beginning of the year I had somewhat of a growth mindset. If I ran into a challenge I would skip it or just push it aside. For example, in my first writing people for English, I had a hard time in what to write. Instead of pushing through the problem, I pushed it away and left it for another time. Now having experienced a higher education, I know that I cannot push things off until the last minute. In college, the curriculum is very difficult. You must work hard on your assigned work to be able to get a high grade. If you procrastinate and push things off, you make things difficult for yourself to make up work that is either due or back work that still needs to be done.

Writing essay at the beginning of the year I only wrote one first draft and made a few edits on that copy. I felt like my first draft was good enough and that I didn’t need any more edits on them. Now while writing an essay I write multiple drafts before I turn in my final copy. I use a lot of peer feedback to make my rough drafts better. Before I write any essay, I get a piece of paper and a pencil to write down an outline of how I want my essay to look like.

In the future, I plan to work on signal phrasing and paragraph structure to make my essays flow together better. I also plan to work on my structured sentences to make sure I have the proper grammar. On of the major thing I plane to work on in English 123 is making sure my main idea doesn’t get lost throughout the essay. Also making sure my paragraphs are in correct order and flow together.

 

 

Fake it until you make it, final copy

Abigail Thompson

Professor Frank

English 122

11/8/16

 

Fake it until you become it

In the article Literacy, Discourse, and Linguistics: Introduction, By James Paul Gee, Gee talked about entering a discourse. Gee says “You are either in it or you’re not” (9) which means that he thinks that you are either born into a Discourse or you are not. He goes on to write about how you must master and practice a discourse until you can be accepted into it. In Amy Cuddy’s Ted Talk, she talks about how body language and non-verbal communication can change a person’s attitude into entering a Discourse. Cuddy says “fake it till you make it”. This can be related to Gee’s theory on how you can fake your way into a Discourse until they are fully submerged into it.

In Gee’s article, he mentions Primary and secondary discourse. A primary Discourse is one that a person is born into and how they were raised in early childhood in their homes and social group. Secondary Discourses are learned through social situations like school and work. There are two parts of the secondary Discourse: Dominant and non-dominant Discourse. Dominant Discourses are born with social goods. Non- dominant people are born without social goods.

In Cuddy’s Talk, she talks about how you have you become confident with your non- verbal communication and your body language. She says “fake it till you make it”. This means that you have to fake having a certain kind of attitude until you are eventually, it. She wants people to take time with themselves and do a power stance to boost and “fake” their confidence. By doing this power stand by your self, using only your body, it can change the way you think about life tremendously. This relates to Gee’s idea of “mushfaking” (13). Mushfake is making do with what you have. Cuddy wants people to build confidence in their self, using what they have, their own body. She is also stating that you need to fake it until you become it.

Both Gee and Cuddy relate to each other in how they both say how you can “fake” your way into a Discourse. In Gee’s article, he talks about mushfake and how you make do with the things you do have instead of dwelling on what you don’t have. “…making” do with something less when the real thing is not available…” (13).  You need to use something in replace of another. It is a key to success to make do with what you have. “And tomorrow you’re going to fake it, you’re going to make yourself powerful” is what Cuddy says. Both Gee’s and Cuddy’s ideas connect with each other. They both relate by saying that you must fake it until you make it. Cuddy is saying how you must make do with what you have, in which this case is the person’s own body. You must “fake” confidence until you are in fact, confident.

Cuddy’s “fake it until you are it” could be represented by a person in a job interview. You would not want to go into a job interview with messy, non-professional clothing, rude manners, slumped down at the table. When you use bad body language and bad non-verbal communication skills you will look very bad, and not interested to the person you are getting interviewed by. “So a handshake, or the lack of a handshake, can have us talking for weeks and weeks and weeks…we call it nonverbals” (Cuddy).  Non-verbals is a way of faking a Discourse. You can act like you like what you are trying to get into but you can fake an interest in it to look like you are interested and therefore fake your way into a Discourse.

I think you can fake your way until you are into a Discourse. Cuddy’s method of the power stance is an example of how you can fake your way until you make it. “So you make yourself big, you stretch out, you take up space, you’re basically opening up. It’s about opening up.” (Cuddy). When you do this power stance, you are putting yourself in this confident state of mind. You are tricking your body into feeling that it is powerful and can be confident. Doing something to make yourself feel like you are big and powerful each day can have a big impact on someone’s life. When you think a certain way every day, you start to feel like that automatically.

I agree that both Gee and Cuddy are correct. However, I side with Cuddy because I believe that a person can make themselves more powerful by putting their mind in a certain state of mind each day. Cuddy’s ideas are a little more different than Gee’s. Gee believes that you can never fully achieve a Discourse by faking it using mushfake. He believes that you must be born into one and have an early apprenticeship in a Discourse to be fully submerged in one.

Cuddy believes that you can fake it until you become it and I side with that idea. I believe you can fake it into something because it relates to my own life. For example, both sides of my family do not have that well of an education. I kept telling myself that I was smart and that I did belong to be in school and to get into college. Like Cuddy exclaims in her speech that you have to tell yourself that you do in fact have a right to have an education and have the right to feel powerful. I feel like the woman in Cuddy’s story who was her classmate who felt like she did not belong in school. “I’m not supposed to be here… So I was like”yes you are! You are supposed to be here! And tomorrow you’re going to fake it, you’re going to make yourself powerful, and, you know-”” (Cuddy). For me, I felt exactly like the woman who felt like she did not belong in school when I came to college. I did not feel like I belonged here and I felt not ready for college. I felt like I was not ready for college and I was way less smart than everyone else. The first few weeks here I started telling myself that I do really belong here and that I was smart. Everyday I reminded myself of those word. Now after several months of being away for college, that I truly do belong here and that I have the potential to do well.

I do not fully agree with Gee because he says you can never fully be in Discourse unless you are born into it. I believe that you can become a Discourse by being around one. Gee is saying that you can never be a discourse if you are not born and raised early into one. He also says that you can’t fake it into a Discourse by using the things you have. I think this idea is wrong because I believe you can make it into something by believing you are it.  I believe Cuddy’s beliefs with practicing with power stances and body language can change your whole perspective on life.

Worked Cited

Cuddy, Amy. Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are. TED, 2012. Web. 20 November. 2016.      http://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are/transcript?language=en

Gee, James Paul. Literacy, Discourse, and linguistics: Introduction. Journal of education, volume 171, Number 1, 1989.

Fake it until you make it, peer edit

Fake it until you become it

In the article Literacy, Discourse, and Linguistics: Introduction, By James Paul Gee, Gee talked about entering a discourse. Gee says “You are either in it or you’re not” (9) which means that he thinks that you are either born into a discourse or you are not. He goes on to write about how you must master and practice a discourse until you can be accepted into it. In Amy Cuddy’s Ted Talk, she talks about how body language and non-verbal communication can change a person’s attitude into entering a discourse. Cuddy says “fake it till you make it”. This can be related to Gee’s theory on how you can fake your way into a discourse until they are fully submerged into it.

In Gee’s article, he mentions Primary and secondary discourse. A primary discourse is one that a person is born into and how they were raised in early childhood in their homes and social group. Secondary discourses are learned through social situations like school and work. There are two parts of the secondary discourse: Dominant and non-dominant discourse. Dominant discourses are born with social goods. Non- dominant people are born without social goods.

In Cuddy’s Talk, she talks about how you can become confident with your non- verbal communication and your body language. She says “fake it till you make it”. She wants people to take time with themselves and do a power stance to “fake” their confidence. This relates to Gee’s idea of “mushfaking” (13). Mushfake is making do with what you have. Cuddy wants people to build confidence in their self, using what they have, their own body. She is also stating that you need to fake it until you become it.

Both Gee and Cuddy relate to each other in how they both say how you can “fake” your way into a discourse. In Gee’s article, he talks about mushfake and how you make do with the things you don’t  have instead of dwelling on what you don’t have. “…making” do with something less when the real thing is not available…” (13).  You need to use something in replace of another. It is a key to success to make do with what you have. “And tomorrow you’re going to fake it, you’re going to make yourself powerful” is what Cuddy says. Both Gee’s and Cuddy’s ideas connect with each other. They both relate by saying that you must fake it until you make it. Cuddy is saying how you must make do with what you have, in which this case is the persons own body. You must “fake” confidence until you are in fact, confident.

Cuddy’s “fake it until you are it” could be represented by a person in a job interview. You wouldn’t want to go into a job interview with messy, non-professional clothing, rude manners, slumped down at the table. When you use bad body language and bad non-verbal communication skills you will look very bad, and not interested to the person you are getting interviewed by. “So a handshake, or the lack of a handshake, can have us talking for weeks and weeks and weeks…we call it nonverbals” (Cuddy).  Non-verbals is a way of faking a discourse. You can act like you like what you are trying to get into but you can fake an interest in it to look like you are interested and therefore fake your way into a discourse.

I think you can fake your way until you are into a discourse. Cuddy’s method of the power stance is an example of how you can fake your way until you make it. “So you make yourself big, you stretch out, you take up space, you’re basically opening up. It’s about opening up.” (Cuddy). When you do this power stance, you are putting yourself in this confident state of mind. You are tricking your body into feeling that it is powerful and can be confident. Doing something to make yourself feel like you are big and powerful each day can have a big impact on someone’s life. When you think a certain way every day, you start to feel like that automatically.

I agree that both Gee and Cuddy are correct. However, I side with Cuddy, because I believe that a person can make themselves more powerful by putting their mind in a certain state of mind each day. Cuddy’s ideas are different than Gee’s. Gee believes that you can never fully achieve a discourse by faking it using mushfake.

 “Fake it ‘Til You Become It” rough draft

Fake it until you become it

 

 

In the article Literacy, Discourse, and Linguistics: Introduction, By James Paul Gee, Gee talked about entering a discourse. Gee says “You are either in it or you’re not” (9) which means that he thinks that you are either born into a discourse or you are not. He goes on to write about how you must master and practice a discourse until you can be accepted into it. In Amy Cuddy’s Ted Talk, she talks about how body language and non-verbal communication can change a person’s attitude into entering a discourse. Cuddy says “fake it till you make it”. This can be related to Gee’s theory on how you can fake your way into a discourse until they are fully submerged into it.

In Gee’s article, he mentions Primary and secondary discourse. A primary discourse is one that a person is born into and how they were raised in early childhood in their homes and social group. Secondary discourses are learned through social situations like school and work. There are two parts of the secondary discourse: Dominate and non-dominant discourse. Dominant discourses are born with social goods. Non- dominant people are born without social goods.

In Cuddy’s Talk, she talks about how you have you become confident with your non- verbal communication and your body language. She says “fake it till you make it”. She wants people to take time with themselves and do a power stance to “fake” their confidence. This relates to Gee’s idea of “mushfaking” (13). Mushfake is making do with what you have. Cuddy wants people to build confidence in their self, using what they have, their own body. She is also stating that you need to fake it until you become it.

Both Gee and Cuddy relate to each other in how they both say how you can “fake” your way into a discourse. In Gee’s article, he talks about mushfake and how you make do with the things you don’t have instead of dwelling on what you don’t have. “…making” do with something less when the real thing is not available…” (13).  You need to use something in replace of another. It is a key to success to make do with what you have. “And tomorrow you’re going to fake it, you’re going to make yourself powerful” is what Cuddy says. Both Gee’s and Cuddy’s ideas connect with each other. They both relate by saying that you must fake it until you make it. Cuddy is saying how you must make do with what you have, in which this case is the persons own body. You must “fake” confidence until you are in fact, confident.

Cuddy’s fake it until you are it could be represented by a person in a job interview. You wouldn’t want to go into a job interview with messy, non-professional clothing, rude manners, slumped down at the table. When you use bad body language and bad non- verbal communication skills you will look very bad, and not interested to the person you are getting interviewed by. “so a handshake, or the lack of a handshake, can have us talking for weeks and weeks and weeks…we call it nonverbals” (Cuddy).  Non-verbals is a way of faking a discourse. You can act like you like what you are trying to get into but you can fake an interest in it to look like you are interested and therefore fake your way into a discourse.

I think you can fake your way until you are into a discourse. Cuddy’s method of the power stance is an example of how you can fake your way until you make it. “So you make yourself big, you stretch out, you take up space, you’re basically opening up. It’s about opening up.” (Cuddy). When you do this power stance, you are putting yourself in this confident state of mind. You are tricking your body into feeling that it is powerful and can be confident. Doing something to make yourself feel like you are big and powerful each day can have a big impact on someone’s life. When you think a certain way every day, you start to feel like that automatically